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Spanish Grammar Lesson: The letters “y” and “e”

Should you say parents and children (padres e hijos) or parents and children (padres y hijos)?  Learn the proper use of the conjunction “Y” and when should it be replaced with the letter “e” in Spanish.

Read the transcript here:

Hola amigo Lingüista ¿Qué estás mirando?
Hello my linguist friend, what are you looking at?

¡Ah!, bueno, acá tenemos algunos plátanos E higos.
Ah! well here we have some bananas and (“E”) figs.

Quieres decir plátanos Y higos.
You mean bananas and (“Y”) figs.

No. Escucha bien: plátanos E higos.
No. Listen carefully: bananas and (“E”) figs.

Cuando la palabra que sigue a la conjunción “Y” empieza por “I” o “HI”, se cambia la conjunción “Y” por “E”. Por ejemplo: “China E India”, “Padres E hijos”.
When the words following the conjunction “and” in Spanish start with a letter “i” or “hi” the conjunction “and” in Spanish changes to the letter “e”, for example: “China and India” in Spanish would be ” China e India”.

¡Ah!, no lo sabía…eso quiere decir que estabas mirando algunos plátanos E higos.
Ah!, I didn´t know that…that means that you were looking at some bananas and (“E”) figs.

Muy cierto.


I hope you enjoye this lesson. You can visit our web page for more resources, like our free Spanish grammar lessons.

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