SPANISH LESSONS ONLINE
ADVANCED LEVEL

Chapter

Content

1A. I wonder what has happened

  • Making hypotheses and suppositions about current and past facts
  • Expressing doubt and possibility
  • Asking rhetorical questions
  • Justifying oneself

1B. He’s taken to wearing earrings

  • Expressing surprise at an unusual action
  • Making suggestions and giving advice
  • Referring to the beginning of an action

2A. If I were him I’d have left her there

  • Giving advice about and reproaching past activities
  • Expressing improbable possibilities in the past using “si” and “pero”
  • Making hypotheses and conjectures about past facts
  • Asking rhetorical questions about past facts

2B. If he hadn’t reacted like that…

  • Regretting past events
  • Making hypotheses about past events
  • Making hypothetical comparisons in the present and past

3A. He said we’d learn to be happy

  • Giving and asking for advice
  • Giving orders and making suggestions and requests
  • Reporting original messages

3B. Don’t do it again!

  • Reacting to very annoying situations
  • Giving warnings
  • Referring to actions using constructions with “estar por” and “estar para”

4A. Is it built or was it built?

  • Emphasizing an action
  • Avoiding naming the subject of, or the person responsible for, an action
  • Informing about the current state or condition of the subject
  • Differentiating between the use of passive constructions with “ser” and “estar”

4B. In Peru people eat well

  • Avoiding the use of the passive voice with “ser” or “estar”
  • Placing importance on the action, rather than on the subject of the action
  • Reproaching an action or attitude
  • Expressing or showing disbelief
  • Criticizing or rejecting other people’s intentions
  • Warning about unwelcome possibilities

5A. It’s not that they don’t want to get married, it’s that…

  • Referring to a cause
  • Giving explanations or excuses
  • Correcting erroneous information
  • Denying something in order to offer a new interpretation

5B. He got married for the third time

  • Referring to the repetition of an activity
  • Referring to the end of an activity
  • Referring to habitual actions
  • Expressing general obligations
  • Giving permission or prohibiting

6A. When the time comes…

  • Referring to possible actions in the future
  • Referring to doubtful and uncertain facts
  • Referring to certain and known facts
  • Minimizing the importance of difficulties and problems

6B. I had a great time

  • Referring to the result of an activity
  • Making hypotheses of differing levels of probability
  • Talking about possible and concrete facts

7A. I’ll lend it to you as long as you give it back

  • Expressing necessary conditions
  • Expressing negative conditions or restrictions
  • Expressing conditions which occur with difficulty

7B. It must be a mistake

  • Expressing obligation
  • Expressing probability
  • Referring to the result of an action
  • Expressing duration

8A. However much the world changes…

  • Offering ideas during a debate
  • Talking about problems that hinder the occurrence of an action
  • Expressing opinions using concessive clauses

8B. Whatever happens

  • Expressing inevitable facts
  • Convincing someone of something
  • Giving reasons

9A. Tell me who you spend your time with and I’ll tell you what you’re like

  • Comparing people’s physical appearance and character
  • Expressing relations of superiority, inferiority and equality
  • Making comparisons using superlatives

9B. What a shame that these things happen!

  • Expressing pity or sadness
  • Expressing surprise or concern

10A. Review

  • Review 1
  • Review 2
  • Review 3
  • Review 4
  • Review 5
  • Review 6